Marijuana News in Arizona and World
Marijuana is currently illegal in most parts of the world, but its use as a medicine dates back thousands of years.
As the debate over legalizing marijuana heats up, many people continue to dispute the value of marijuana as a treatment for various ailments. But, as the following facts show, history tells a much clearer story:
1. The earliest record of marijuana used and medicine comes from ancient China.
In 2737 BC, Chinese Emperor Shennong wrote a book on medicine that included marijuana as a treatment for many conditions. According to ancient Chinese texts, marijuana was thought to be helpful for constipation, gout, rheumatism and absent-mindedness.
Interestingly, Shennong was not only an emperor but a pharmacologist as well. He was said to have tried hundreds of herbs on himself in order to test their medical value.
2. Ancient Egyptians were the first to use marijuana as a treatment for tumors.
The 2nd century Fayyum Medical Papyrus, an ancient Egyptian text, is believed to contain the earliest record of marijuana as an ingredient in cancer medicine.
While little is known about the successes of ancient Egyptian cancer treatments, marijuana continues to receive significant interest as a cancer therapy today.
3. Marijuana was used as a veterinary medicine in ancient Greece.
The ancient Greeks used cannabis to dress wounds and sores on their horses after battle. The plant was also given to humans for a variety of ailments, including ear pain and inflammation.
Interestingly, the practice of medical cannabis/marijuana is believed to have spread to Arabic countries from ancient Greece.
4. Medical marijuana was introduced to Western medicine in the mid-1800s.
In the 1830s, an Irish physician by the name of William Brooke O’Shaughnessy observed the use of medical marijuana during a trip to India.
After studying its effects, he introduced marijuana to physicians in England as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, including muscle spasms, rheumatism, epilepsy and pain. As early reports of its effectiveness were published, the popularity of marijuana-based medicines quickly spread across Europe and North America.
5. The name ‘indica’ refers to Indian cannabis.
The name Cannabis indica was originally thought up by a French biologist in 1785. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was also visiting India when he observed a difference between locally-grown cannabis and its European cousin, theplant.
European hemp was mostly used for agricultural purposes and was known at the time as Cannabis sativa. Lamarck decided to classify the Indian species separately, giving it the name Cannabis indica.
6. Cannabis was listed in the United States Pharmacopeia from 1851 until 1941.
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) provides a list of acceptable medical products each year, and cannabis/marijuana was recognized in many of its earliest editions. But while cannabis/marijuana preparations were widely prescribed in the late 1800s, they began to be replaced by synthetic drugs during the 20th century.
Leading up to and following the passage of the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act, prescribing cannabis/marijuana became increasingly difficult and its once-prominent role in Western medicine was soon forgotten. It was removed from the USP in 1942 and has never appeared since.
How to Become a Medical Marijuana Patient in AZ
To become a medical marijuana patient in Arizona a person must be:
– 18 years or older (or have your legal guardian registered as your caregiver)
– Must have a valid Arizona Driver’s License or Arizona Identification Card
– Must have an Arizona residential address
– Must have a minimum of one qualifying condition listed below:
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
- Hepatitis C
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
- Crohn’s disease
- Agitation of Alzheimer’s disease
- A chronic or debilitating disease or medical condition or the treatment for a chronic or debilitating disease or medical condition that causes:
- Cachexia or wasting syndrome;
- Severe and chronic pain (e.g. arthritis, migraines, etc);
- Severe nausea;
- Seizures, including those characteristic of epilepsy;
- Severe or persistent muscle spasms, including those characteristic of multiple sclerosis
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
– Must have your medical records for at least the previous 12 months. Furthermore, those medical records must include the diagnosis of your qualifying medical condition.
If you meet the above criteria then schedule an appointment with a office to get qualified to use medical marijuana. Once qualified, the person will receive a medical marijuana card in the mail. With the card they can purchase marijuana from any Arizona dispensary.
To learn more read: “How to Get a Medical Marijuana Card”
The Phoenix chapter of Women Grow, a national network supporting female entrepreneurs in the cannabis industry, will host its next monthly networkingon Thursday, March 5, from 6:30 – 9 p.m., at Optima Camelview, located at the intersection of Scottsdale Road and Highland Road, 7177 E. Rancho Vista Drive, Scottsdale. Open to the public, the event is an opportunity to learn about inspection in Arizona, as well as medical director compliance.
Held on the first Thursday of each month, Women Grow chapteroffer opportunities for personal introductions, open networking, and a speaking program. Admission is $30 in advance or $35 at the door. For information and to purchase tickets, visit womengrow.com/events. Attendees are encouraged to RSVP in advance.
Women Grow is a national network educating, empowering and connecting women in the cannabis industry through monthly networking events, national conferences and shining a spotlight on aspiring and established women leaders in the cannabis industry.
Will Humble, the director of the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS), is stepping down on March 3 after 23 years working for the state.
“This has been an awesome job,” wrote Humble on the Arizona Department of Health Services’ Director’s Blog. He went on to mention: “Careers have a life cycle. Figuring out when it’s time to turn the page and move on to something else is a hard thing to do. That time has come for me.”
Humble has yet to name an interim or permanent director for the ADHS, but a decision is expected within a week.
Humble constantly fought against the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act (AMMA) during his time at the ADHS. Humble tried to make Arizona’s medical marijuana laws stricter and continually denied legitimate petitions to add qualifying conditions to the AMMA.
The entire world at large has been watching Colorado throughout 2014 because it’s the first place to legalize marijuana for recreational use. Many people predicted positive outcomes while others predicted negative. Now that a full year has passed, it appears that Colorado’s recreational marijuana industry was a gigantic success; state revenues are up thanks to taxes from sales and crime rates are down.
With such amazing statistics, it is safe to assume that many other states – such as California, Arizona, Nevada, and others – will legalize marijuana for recreational use via ballot initiates in 2016. Below are some astonishing facts from Colorado’s marijuana industry in 2014:
1. 130.3 metric tons – Colorado’s annual demand for marijuana, which is equal to 36.8 million “eighths” of marijuana flower.
2. 485,000 – The number of adults who are 21 and older using marijuana on a regular basis (at least once a month), which is about 9 percent of the state’s population.
3. 23 percent – The amount of Colorado’s user population that consumes marijuana near daily.
4. 90 percent – The amount of recreational marijuana sales that out-of-state tourists are responsible for purchasing at shops in mountain resort communities.
5. 7 percent – The amount of Colorado’s annual marijuana demand that was purchased by out-of-state tourists.
6. -9 percent – The price drop on a recreational eighth of marijuana flower at about a dozen major Colorado marijuana shops from January 2014 ($53.88) to December 2014 ($48.95).
7. $246,810,599.03 – The state’s total recreational marijuana sales from January to October 2014 (November and December data not yet available from the Colorado Department of Revenue).
8. $326,716,273.59 – Colorado’s total medical marijuana sales from January to October 2014. (That’s $573,526,872.62 in 10 months for both recreational and medical pot sales in Colorado.)
9. $60.1 million – The amount Colorado has made in via taxes, licenses and fees on recreational and medical marijuana from January to October 2014.
10. 10 milligrams of– Colorado’s single-serving size for marijuana , with 100 milligrams maximum allowed in an individually packaged being sold for recreational use.
11. 103,918 – The number of medical marijuana patients reporting “severe pain” as their qualifying medical condition for a marijuana card, which makes up 94 percent of the state’s total patients.
12. Zero – The number of reports of THC-infused edibles (candy) given to trick-or-treaters on Halloween, regardless of widespread national concern that legal marijuana would lead to marijuana-infused candies in children’s Halloween gifts.
Legalization of marijuana across the U.S. is being projected to become a larger success than the organic food industry, and if so, Whole Foods and other major retailers could very well jump on the bandwagon.
“It’s possible that Whole Foods could be the Whole Foods of cannabis,” said an insider at the ArcView Group that does market analyses on the marijuana industry.
When asked at a panel if Whole Foods would ever sell marijuana, Whole Foods CEO reportedly said only if the it were legal to use and the local community approved.
The ArcView Group’s 3rd State of Legal Marijuana Markets report found that if legalized nationwide, the U.S. marijuana industry would surpass the $33.1 billion organic food industry by approximately $3 billion.
“I’ve studied the growth of the nutrition and the organic food industries for years,” said Patrick Rea, executive editor of the ArcView report. “I believe the cannabis industry will be an even bigger opportunity. Yet, there are risks associated with a fragmented and nascent industry that is growing so fast.”
The report also found that consumers purchased $370 million worth of marijuana products in 2014 in Colorado and Washington, and that Arizona was the fastest developing major marijuana market last year, enlarging from $35 million in sales in 2013 to $155 million in 2014.
“With Oregon and Alaska coming online soon and with the potential of six states including California going legal in 2016, legalization will be the largest driver of market growth going forward,” stated an ArcView insider.
Overall, the U.S. legal marijuana industry grew 74% to $2.7 billion, and about $30 million per year goes to educational and political work for nonprofits working on marijuana issues.
I just received a copy of the Marijuana Policy Project of Arizona’s draft for the 2016 Arizona Recreational Marijuana Act. The proposed initiative will decriminalize marijuana (in limited quantities) and allow its possession and growth by everyone over 21 years of age.
Here is my take on it, from the point of view of various segments of society:
Consumers: Can grow 6 plants and don’t need a special card to purchase recreational marijuana. Consumers don’t even have to be a state resident to get high in two totally different ways over the Grand Canyon (aside from the federal land issue). Consumers can possess up to 1 ounce at a time, including up to 5 grams of extracts, waxes, etc. Tinctures andare treated fairly. Consumers can still only consume marijuana on private property, with permission of the property owner. The DUI standards are clarified to just and only require proof that the driver was actually “impaired” in order to be convicted, rather than basing charges on the presence of metabolites of in one’s system.
The tax rate is 15%, plus the usual sales taxes. No need to by a card. Marijuana must be tested, which will raise the price, but make it safer, at least theoretically.
The penalty of possession of more than 1 oz., but less than 2.5 oz is a “petty offense,” like littering, subject to a fine of no more than $300.00.
Businesses: For those that are already in or want to get into the marijuana business, there will be two Gold Rushes. Some existing licensees (licensed) and their board members will have the exclusive right to become recreational marijuana cultivators and licensed retail recreational marijuana shops, until July 1, 2019. It makes sense on many levels. Unless you are willing to wait until July 2, 2019, if you are not already a board member of a medical marijuana when the Act passes in November, 2016, you won’t be happy.
On the other hand, subject to rules to be adopted by ADHS, you can still become a licensed “marijuana distributor” (wholesaler and/or) of a licensed “marijuana cultivator.” You can even become a licensed wholesale “marijuana product manufacturer” of edibles, tinctures, wax, etc., without owning a dispensary or cultivation site.
The cost of getting into recreational business is “grandormous,” presumably to discourage the timid or weak. Dispensaries: $20,000 the first year; $6,600.00 thereafter. Cultivators: $30,000.00 the first year; $10,000 thereafter. Product Manufacturers, infusers, kitchens: $10,000 plus the cost of government compliance; $3,300.00 thereafter. “Marijuana distributors,”and wholesalers of licensed recreational cultivation and/or maybe dispensary supplied medicine: $15,000 the first year; $5,000 thereafter. Testing facilities: $15,000, plus the cost of government compliance; $5,000.00 thereafter.
Oh, by the way, I forgot to tell you that the recreational program, including the millions it expects to raise, is going to be run by the Arizona Department of Gaming, not the Arizona Department of Health Services. Perhaps we will be seeing advertisements that say something like: “You’ll benefit more by using marijuana legally, than playing the lottery.”
Jeffrey S. Kaufman, Esq.
5725 N. Scottsdale Road, Ste. 190
Scottsdale, AZ 85254.
The nation’s new surgeon general, Dr. Vivek Murthy, stated that marijuana “can be helpful” for certain medical conditions, and that he wants science to dictate policy on the federally banned substance.
“We have some preliminary data that for certain medical conditions and symptoms, that marijuana can be helpful,” Murthy mentioned in an interview with “CBS This Morning” in response to a question about his position on marijuana legalization in the U.S.
Murthy didn’t use the opportunity to endorse marijuana legalization for medical or recreational purposes, but he did note that he believes U.S. marijuana policy should be driven by scientific research and what it reveals about the efficacy of using the cannabis plant for medical reasons.
“I think we’re going to get a lot more data about that,” Murthy stated. “I’m very interested to see where that takes us.”
Murthy was not the first surgeon general to question U.S. drug policies. In 1993, Joycelyn Elders, the surgeon general under President Bill Clinton, stated that she believed that legalizing drugs in the U.S. would “markedly reduce our crime rate.” Not long ago, in 2010, Elders called for the legalization of marijuana in the U.S.
A new bill has been introduced in the House of Representatives that would allow doctors employed by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to recommend marijuana as means of medical treatment to veterans that suffer from certain medical conditions, such as: serious physical injuries, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and more.
Do to federalcurrent VA policy prohibits doctors from recommending marijuana for medical use.
Nearly 20% of veterans returning from the Middle East are diagnosed with depression, anxiety, or PTSD; all of which are notoriously difficult conditions to treat. A study published recently in the Annals of Epidemiology found that the suicide rate among these veterans is 50% greater than the national average.
Last year a study was published in the American Journal of Public Health which found that in states that passed medical marijuana laws there was a statistically significant reduction in suicide rates.
“The men and women who served in Iraq and Afghanistan have made tremendous sacrifices for our country,” stated a spokesperson for the Marijuana Policy Project. “They deserve every option available to treat their wounds, both visible and hidden. If VA doctors are confident that medical marijuana would improve their patients’ quality of life, they should be able to recommend it to them in states where it’s legal.”
A New Mexico legislative committee voted in favor of taxing and regulating marijuana in New Mexico. The 5-4 vote for Senate Joint Resolution 2 (SJR2) narrowly passed in the Senate Rules Committee, and its passing will put it on the 2016 ballot where citizens will vote to decide if recreational marijuana will be legalized in New Mexico.
SJR2 would allow for the possession and personal use of marijuana by anyone 21 years of age and older and for the regulation of the production, sale and taxation of marijuana for recreational use in New Mexico.
“Today’s vote sets in motion the process to put the issue on a 2016 statewide ballot for voters,” said Emily Kaltenbach, New Mexico’s director of the Drug Policy Alliance. “Marijuana prohibition in New Mexico has clearly failed. It hasn’t reduced use and instead has resulted in the criminalization of people, gross racial disparities, and enormous fiscal waste. Senator Ortiz y Pino’s resolution will allow our legislature rethink how we can enhance the health and safety of all New Mexicans through sensible reforms.”
A statewide poll taken in 2013 found that a majority of New Mexico’s registered voters (52 percent) say they support legalizing marijuana for adult use.