These are just some basics, but you can make it a science project to get the right soil and location. I wanted to focus on growers who just started and don’t have a lot of time or their location(s) makes it hard to do everything properly. These are tips to do it quickly, easily, inexpensively, and get the basics right…
Upgrade the Soil
Often the soil in an outdoor situation is not loose enough for marijuana plants’ roots to grow fast. The first thing you should do is dig and loosen up the soil. Try and go about 2 – 2.5 feet deep. And while you are at it why not mix in some ingredients to make it better. A good organic potting soil with coco is a good basic; mix it in 50-50 with the original soil. You want to loosen the soil so water can drain more easily preventing root rot. Another good way to give the soil better drainage is mixing in perlite as well. This is easily available at most garden centers. It will help the soil stay aired and makes it easier for the roots to grow through the loose soil. The third thing you could do is add some nutrients. When I grew outdoor I used organic cow manure in dried form, but you can also use chicken manure as long as it is organic. You don’t want to smoke or vape the chemicals in non-organic manure, believe me. If you visit your crop every now and then, you can add more manure if it is dried. The best way is to mix it with water so it will reach the roots quickly and easily.
Choose the Right Location
A good location for a marijuana plant looks like this: an around the clock sunny location (maximum growth) with enough air movement, but also not too windy. Actually that is pretty hard to find. Buildings can sometimes proved a nice, less windy spot, but will often cast a shadow. In a more open area you might not want it to be too “out in the open” so you will have to compromise. Put it between some trees so it is kind of hidden but make sure it will get enough direct sunlight so it can grow fast enough. Make sure there is enough water, the best way to assure that is to plant it 5 – 15 feet from a stream or pond.
Give it a Good Start
You should always start your plant indoors, at least for the first few weeks. If the smell becomes too intense then it’s a good time to start thinking about putting it outside. Try and make the transition for indoor to outdoor as smooth as possible. The plant will have to get used to lower temperatures and direct sunlight. Indoors the plant is protected against UV (glass bounces it) but outdoors this can burn the leaves because they are not yet used to that. I use this plan: let the plant get used to lower temperatures but keep it indoors and then let it get used to direct sunlight by first keeping it in a spot with a just couple of hours of direct sunlight, preferably not the hottest hours (1 – 3 p.m.) of the day. You don’t want to move it around all the time just choose good spots for the two step transition. Doing it this way you make sure the plant won’t get stressed so prevent it from becoming a hermaphrodite, making it useless.
Good luck with your outdoor crop, and I hope these simple beginners instructions where helpful. I grew my first outdoor crop last year it was a feminized skunk plant and I harvested around 120 grams (dried!). It is delicious, and pretty strong for an outdoor plant and that has to do with lots of sunlight and plenty of good nutrients.
If you have become enthusiastic about growing outdoors yourself, I recommend this small seedbank and grow community to safely buy marijuana seeds online.