Whether you are new to the marijuana world or a connoisseur, it’s always fun and beneficial to learn more about marijuana.
Science has already identified nearly 100 cannabinoids in marijuana – from stem to leaf to flower. Among them are 8 commonly known cannabinoids that oftentimes are promoted at dispensaries and found in scientific literature.
Cannabinoids provide numerous physical and cognitive effects which can be for either medicinal and/or recreational purposes. Here are descriptions of the 8 most common cannabinoids:
Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)
CBDA is the main component in marijuana, and when heated or catalyzed (decarboxylation) can achieve higher CBD levels. CBDA, like CBDs, are non-psychoactive, meaning you won’t feel “high.” This compound is great for achieving anti-inflammatory effects.
CBC has been studied for its relief factors, including reducing inflammation, promoting bone growth, relieving pain and inhibiting cell growths in cancer and tumors cells. Research also suggests it has possible antidepressant properties.
CBD gets a lot of media attention for being a non-psychoactive medicine that aides many ailments. CBD can also be used to counteract the psychoactive effects of THC, or you can pair the two for a melody of medical benefits. Acting as an antagonist for both the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our body, this suggests that the actions of CBD is mediated by other receptors in our body and brain. CBD is great for achieving a wide verity of relief including; anti-inflammation, chronic pain, anxiety, depression, seizures, MS, diabetes and so much more!
Another non-psychoactive component in marijuana, CBG is known to reduce inflammation, inhibited cell growth in tumor or cancer cells, act as an antibacterial, and promote bone growth.
A mild psychoactive component of marijuana. This is found through the degeneration of THC, but not commonly found in most plants. CBN antagonizes immune cell (receptors) CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain that give this component a sedative effect. This component is known for its anti-insomnia, chronic pain relief, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
CBDV is still in the early stages of research, though recent studies show that it can help in the management of epilepsy. This is because it interacts with the brains TRPV1 receptors and modulates gene expression.
THC is most commonly known as the psychoactive component in marijuana, acting as a partial antagonist for the immune cell receptors CB1 and CB2. This is also an effective pain killer, and research shows it could be an antioxidant.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)
THCA by itself as a raw compound is non-psychoactive, but as decarboxylation occurs (when burned, heated or vaporized), it slowly converts to THC, a psychoactive compound. THCA, along with many other marijuana compounds, interacts with COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes which can act as an ant-inflammatory, neuroprotectant, anti-insomnia, muscle spasm relief and more.
Only found in a few marijuana strains, THCV is known for a higher psychoactive effect. The presence of propyl (3 carbon) in THCV is the only difference between THC as a pentyl (5 carbon). Even with a little variation between molecules, THCV produces a very different effect than THC. THCV is known to reduce panic attacks, promotion of bone growth, may help with Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes and much more.
Courtesy of Nature’s Concentrates