Terpenes are the pungent oils that give cannabis strains their own unique aromatic profile. They are produced in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD.
There have been over 100 different terpenes identified in the cannabis plant. The terpenes interact synergistically with the cannabinoids found in the plant. These days, many cannabis strains are bred to have higher levels of THC, and as a result, cannabinoids in the strains have decreased to trace amounts, but fortunately the terpene profiles remain.
Terpenes have been proven to have incredible medicinal value because they bind to human cannabinoid receptors and effect the chemical output. They can also modify how much THC passes through the blood-brain barrier. They have also been known to influence dopamine and serotonin receptors by altering the rate of production and destruction of the receptors.
Many other herbs, plants and fruits also contain terpenes.
Terpenes commonly found in cannabis:
Effects: Alertness, Memory Retention and counteracts anxiety brought on by THC
Medical Value: Bronchodilator, Antiseptic, Antibacterial
Aroma: Musky, Cloves, Earthy and Herbal, with a touch of citrus
Effects: Sedating, Relaxing and known to enhance the effects of THC
Medical Value: Antioxidant, Anti-carcinogenic, Anti-inflammation and Anti-insomnia
Effects: Elevated mood, stress relief
Medical Value: Anti-fungal, antibacterial and antidepressant
Strains: Tangie, Double Tangie Banana and 24K
Aroma: Pepper, spice, wood and clove
Effects: No known effects
Medical Value: Gastro-protective and anti-inflammatory
Strains: Gorilla Glue #4, Blueberry and Master Kush
Aroma: Floral, citrus and candy
Effects: Anxiety relief and sedation
Medical Value: Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant and anti-acne
Strains: Blue Dream, Sensi Star and The Rem
Article by Nature’s Concentrates